Nomads on Pilgrimage. Mongols on Wutaishan (China), 1800-1940

Nomads on pilgrimage Nomads on Pilgrimage. Mongols on Wutaishan (China), 1800-1940
Brill, 2015
de Isabelle Charleux, HDR, directrice adjointe du GSRL
Nomads on Pilgrimage : Mongols on Wutaishan (China), 1800-1940

is a social history of the Mongols’ pilgrimages to Wutaishan in late imperial and Republican times.

In this period of economic crisis and rise of nationalism and anticlericalism in Mongolia and China, this great Buddhist mountain of China became a unique place of intercultural exchanges, mutual borrowings, and competition between different ethnic groups.
Based on a variety of written and visual sources, including a rich corpus of

more than 340 Mongolian stone inscriptions,

it documents why and how Wutaishan became one of the holiest sites for Mongols, who eventually reshaped its physical and spiritual landscape by their rites and strategies of appropriation.

Table of contents

  • Introduction
  • The Pilgrimage Sites of the Mongols: An Overview
  • The Invention of Wutaishan
  • Political and Clerical Promotion of Wutaishan in the Qing and Republican Periods
  • The Mongol Imaginaire of Wutaishan
  • The Mongol Pilgrims: Sociological and Economic Aspects
  • The Mongols on Wutaishan: Interactions and Encounters
  • Mongolized Wutaishan and Mongol Wutaishans: Appropriation and Substitution
  • Conclusion
  • Appendices
  • Bibliography
  • Index

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