Mongolian Buddhism: Past, Present and Future

affiche Budapest

 

Isabelle Charleux et Marie-Dominique Even, membres du programme « Religions et Sociétés en Asie » du GSRL, ont participé les 16 et 17 avril 2015 à un colloque international sur le bouddhisme mongol en République de Mongolie mais également dans les autres zones de peuplement mongol en Mongolie- Intérieure (Chine) et en Russie.

Le colloque était organisé à Budapest par le Département d’études mongoles et centrasiatiques, le Centre d’études mongoles de l’Université Eötvös Loránd, l’Institut d’ethnologie de l’Académie des sciences de Hongrie, et l’ambassade de Mongolie à Budapest.

Isabelle Charleux a présenté une communication ayant comme titre:

The Mongols’ cult of Jarun Khashor (Bodnath Stupa) and its architectural replicas in Mongolia

dont voici le résumé :

This paper aims at understanding when and why the cult of the stupa of Bodnath (Tib. Bya rung kha skor, Mo. Jarun Khashor) developed in Mongolia.

Some Buddhist Mongols who undertook pilgrimages to Central Tibet in the 19th and 20th centuries also visited Nepal and especially worshiped the Bodnath Stupa.

The translation into Mongolian of a famous guidebook to Bodnath, known in both printed and manuscripts versions, attests of the importance of this cult.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, architectural replicas of the Nepalese stupa were built in Mongolia (including one in Inner Mongolia), probably to create surrogate pilgrimages to Bodnath.

In addition, thang kas and amulets depicting the Bodnath Stupa along with a Tibetan prayer were widely printed in Mongolia, and references to Bodnath are found in Mongolian poems and songs.

La communication de Marie-Dominique Even, ayant comme titre:

“Remarks on Contemporary Buddhism in Inner Mongolia”

portait sur certains aspects du bouddhisme contemporain en Mongolie-Intérieure. Voici le résumé de sa communication:
Since the end of the Manchu Qing dynasty Mongols in Inner Mongolia have followed a distinct historical path from the one experienced by the Mongols in the MPR. This has deepened the gap that had developed between the two main regions under the Manchus.

Mongols in Inner Mongolia have, like their Northern cousins, suffered wide destruction of their religious traditions and cultural heritage, followed likewise by a revival of religion in recent decades.

These events, however, took place according to a different calendar and in a specific way, owing among other things to the minority status they have been given in the modern, Han-dominated, Chinese nation-state, and more generally to the various types of restrictions imposed on religion by the successive Chinese governments.

Based on some observations and interviews during a field trip made in the fall of 2014, this paper will present preliminary remarks regarding features of Buddhist monasteries and religious practices in Inner Mongolia, such as: the functioning of monasteries, monastic training and exchanges, reincarnations and the question of their recognition by the authorities, changes in the attendance and use of Buddhist sites, Chinese tourist trade around the religious sites.

These elements will be put in perspective with the very different environment in which Buddhism has been restored in post-transition Mongolia, in particular concerning the relations with the state and the emergence of a more active role of women in Buddhism”

 

Télécharger le programme complet avec la liste et les résumés de la cinquantaine de participants présents.